Top Linux Distros for Web Development in 2023

Linux is the ideal choice for developers and programmers looking for a more practical operating system. Not only is it completely open source but there are over 600 different Linux distributions available, so developers can choose the exact one that matches their current project requirements. With each distribution offering its own unique set of features and capabilities, there is something to suit everyone’s needs.

If you are planning to use Linux OS other than Windows and macOS, then the below post will be useful to identify the best Linux for web development. 


From beginners to professionals, we have taken the time to research the top 10 best Linux distros for developers. Some of these distributions are lightweight with minimalistic systems that give access to powerful tools and make programming easier than ever before. Others come pre-equipped with a vast array of languages and development frameworks designed to get you started right away. Some even include real-time feedback utilities that help identify mistakes and provide solutions in an instant! There’s something for every developer out there; all you need to find is your perfect Linux fit!

Top 10 Linux For Web Development (App and Game Development)

1. Manjaro

Manjaro is a great user-friendly distro based on the popular Arch Linux. It’s an ideal choice for users looking to enjoy the benefits of Arch without going through the lengthy installation and configuration process required by its source OS. Manjaro removes many of these worries by utilizing custom tools, utilities, and a graphical installer tailored specifically to the user’s needs.

A KDE edition is available for Qt developers, which ships with several valuable tools, such as Qt Designer and Qt Assistant. On top of that, the distro features real-time kernel selection utilities to aid with development tasks even further. All in all, Manjaro is one of the best Arch-based Linux distros in terms of performance and flexibility -- it’s no wonder why so many users turn to it for their daily tasks!

2. Debian GNU/Linux

Debian is a free and open-source computer operating system that is based on the popular Linux kernel. Founded in 1993 by Ian Murdock, Debian was originally named GNU/Linux before being changed to its current name to avoid confusion with the GNU project. As an operating system, Debian can be used on all major Unix-like Operating Systems such as Linux, BSD variants, Mac OS X and also Microsoft Windows.

The Debian Linux operating system is well-known for its stability and reliability, making it an ideal choice for web development. It also has a vast library of applications available, making it easy to find the right tool for any job.

Debian also offers a secure environment for web development projects. With years of experience in security, Debian is one of the best at protecting users from potential threats. It includes various built-in tools that make it easy to detect and mitigate exploits and malicious software. This makes Debian a great choice for those looking to develop safe and secure websites.

3. Ubuntu

Ubuntu Linux is the perfect choice for web and app development in 2023 due to its high performance, reliability, and security. Its open-source nature allows developers to access the codebase freely, making it easy to customize Ubuntu for their own needs.

The platform also features a wide range of applications, which makes it simple to build complex websites and apps that meet the demands of modern users. Additionally, Ubuntu offers a robust security system that protects users from potential threats. It also includes built-in tools and support services to help developers troubleshoot any issues they might encounter.

Here is a video that shows how to set up your Ubuntu for web development:

With its great GUI, Ubuntu provides an extensive library of tutorials and documentation so developers can learn more about the platform and develop their skills as they go along. All these factors make Ubuntu Linux one of the best choices for web and app development in 2023.

4. Pop!_OS

Pop!_OS is an excellent modern Linux distribution that has been released by the company System76. It is based on Ubuntu, and it is suitable both for advanced users and beginners alike. It was created to provide a user-friendly environment designed for coders, developers, and computer scientists. By installing Pop!_OS, these creative minds can have access to a variety of programming languages and tools that would make their lives easier when it comes to creating things with computers.

The graphical user interface (GUI) provided by Pop!_OS carries the name Pop Shell which helps streamline operations related to workflows such as opening projects or switching between workspaces. All of its features are picked up from GNOME but simplified to ease the burden of learning how to navigate its complexities.

This GUI simplifies tasks ranging from web browsing to coding processes which makes it ideal for people who do not have the time or resources available to learn how to use complicated interfaces. The convenience brought by this OS allows you to focus solely on your project instead of learning unnecessary things about navigating a user interface which will just be a waste of time.

5. openSUSE

OpenSUSE is an excellent choice for developers, boasting a great variety of features and reliable project stability. This Linux-based operating system is already used by many developers, but its popularity still tends to be overshadowed by the likes of Ubuntu and Fedora. Despite its limited software availability, openSUSE remains one of the best OS options for developers.


The openSUSE project offers two different Linux distros: openSUSE Leap and Tumbleweed, each with its own specific advantages and interfaces. While openSUSE Leap caters more to the long-time user with a stable environment guaranteeing up-to-date versions within the release, Tumbleweed is an ideal resource for users who love playing around with the latest software without waiting for new packages each time.

Moreover, you can have access to some easy yet powerful automation techniques through YaST package management utility which simplifies various tasks for all levels of users. In addition, another highlight of this OS is its unique delivery method featuring one application stack that fits into just about any individual’s need at any given point in time.

6. Fedora

Fedora is a Linux-based operating system developed by Red Hat and supported by the Fedora Project. It is a community-driven distribution that focuses on free, open-source software and collaboration between developers. It is designed to be easy to install, use, and maintain for those who are new to Linux or experienced users looking for an alternative.

Fedora also offers a wide range of applications, making it easy for developers to build complex websites and apps that meet modern user demands. Additionally, Fedora comes with an extensive security system that helps protect users from potential threats. It also includes various tools and support services, which makes it easier for developers to troubleshoot any issues they might encounter along the way.

The OS has an extensive library of tutorials and documentation so developers can continue learning more about the platform as they go along. All these factors make Fedora Linux one of the best choices for web and app development in 2023.

7. Arch Linux

Arch Linux is an ideal option for those who want complete control of their operating system. It’s a favorite of die-hard Linux users and is designed with build-from-scratch in mind. For example, users can begin from the ground up in building a customized operating system suited for programming and development projects. This makes Arch Linux a great choice for tech enthusiasts looking for a lightweight but versatile distro.

In comparison to fixed versus rolling releases, Arch Linux has a rolling release cycle that flawlessly brings frequent updates. This ensures that you are running the most up-to-date version at all times which makes it an excellent choice if you prefer to keep your OS as current as possible. Additionally, since packages are constantly being updated, there is less risk of experiencing bugs or errors due to outdated software.

Furthermore, the ever-updating repository structure also simplifies maintenance with environment changes becoming self-configuring as time progresses.

8. Kali Linux

Kali Linux is a powerful distro developed by Offensive Security, and ethical hackers, primarily for penetration testing on vulnerable networks and computers. It is designed to be lightweight and secure, with a variety of powerful tools such as John the Ripper, OWASP ZAP, Aircrack-ng, and more preinstalled. This allows security professionals to quickly assess network vulnerabilities without having to research and install different components separately.

Besides its use in cybersecurity, developers are also fans of Kali Linux due to its flexibility. You can customize the settings of Kali according to your development needs as you would any other OS. It gives you complete control over its configuration enabling you to tailor it however suits your workflow. Plus free download of Kali Linux is easily accessible online making this incredibly versatile distro an ideal choice for many.

9. Solus OS

Solus OS is an independent Linux distro designed for developers with all the necessary tools available for software development. It provides users with many editing options, from well-known editors like Atom and VS Code to GNOME Builder and Qt Creator. It also has compilers to compile programs using C, Go, Java, and Python, as well as version control systems to track files. Additionally, students can take advantage of Solus OS by running their own labs with Docker and Vagrant technology; allowing them to quickly set up required environments.

Overall Solus OS is a great option for developers or anyone else looking for an easy way to code on the go. The intuitive interface allows users who are new to programming the ability to get started quickly without having knowledge of their chosen language; providing a thorough collection of various languages and tools that make it easy for anyone looking into writing code on this platform.

10. Raspberry Pi OS

Raspberry Pi OS is a feature-packed Linux distribution that is designed to work with the pocket-sized Raspberry Pi computer, which has grown rapidly in popularity since its launch. This operating system offers users a range of programming tools such as BlueJ, Geany, Python, Greenfoot, Mathematica, Node-RED, Scratch, and more – making it an ideal environment for embedded systems programming. Not only does Raspberry Pi OS provide an extensive range of development tools, but also comes with an abundance of software packages that allow users to perform various tasks such as playing multimedia files and browsing the web easily.

As a beginner-friendly Linux system, Raspberry Pi OS comes with useful tutorials and guides explaining how to make the most out of this operating system. The well-designed Graphical User Interface (GUI) makes working with the hardware configuration easier and more intuitive.

Apps and Tools you must aware of as a Linux Web App Developer

Linux users have a wealth of web development apps and tools available to them, making it easy for developers to create powerful websites and applications.


Popular web development apps for Linux include:

  • Apache HTTP Server -- the open-source web server software used by millions of websites.
  • MySQL -- a popular open-source relational database management system.
  • PHP -- the most widely used scripting language for web development.
  • JavaScript -- the scripting language used in many modern websites.
  • HTML/CSS -- the markup languages that are essential for creating webpages with graphical layout and styling
  • Node.js -- a server-side runtime environment that enables users to write scalable network applications.

Other useful tools include version control systems such as Git and Subversion which help developers manage their projects better. Additionally, package managers such as Yarn or NPM can be used to quickly install dependencies required for developing web projects. All these tools make it possible for Linux users to develop websites and applications on their platform of choice without any difficulties.

Relevant Questions:

Is Linux useful for web development?

Yes, Linux is very useful for web development. It is a free and open-source operating system that provides developers with a powerful and flexible environment to create web applications. Many web servers run on Linux, and it offers a wide range of development tools and programming languages, making it a popular choice for web developers. Additionally, Linux is highly customizable, secure, and stable, making it an excellent platform for hosting and deploying web applications.

What OS do most web developers use?

Most web developers use a variety of operating systems, including Windows, Mac OS, and Linux. However, Linux is a popular choice among web developers due to its open-source nature and its ability to provide a stable and secure platform for web development. Additionally, many web development tools and frameworks are designed specifically for use on Linux systems. Ultimately, the choice of the operating system depends on personal preference and the specific needs of the project being developed.

Is coding better on Linux or Windows

It ultimately depends on personal preference and the specific tasks being performed. Linux is often preferred by developers for its open-source nature, command-line interface, and flexibility. However, Windows also has a strong developer community and offers a variety of integrated development environments and tools. Ultimately, the choice between Linux and Windows for coding will depend on the individual’s experience and needs.

Is Kali Linux beginner friendly?

Kali Linux is not considered beginner friendly due to its advanced features and tools that require a certain level of technical expertise. However, with the availability of online tutorials and resources, beginners can learn how to use Kali Linux effectively.

Linux is a powerful tool for web development that can help you streamline your workflow and create better websites and applications. Whether you’re a seasoned developer or just starting out, Linux offers a range of features and tools that can help you get the job done. So why not give it a try and see how it can enhance your web development skills? With Linux by your side, the possibilities are endless!

Stefan Richard is one of the folks who can't have a life without technology, especially Microsoft products. He has more than 12+ experience in Information technology. He worked as IT trainer, network/system administrator and IT Infrastructure manager. Stefan is the co-founder of HecticGeek.

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